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Entanglement versus Bell violations and their behaviour under local filtering operations

Frank Verstraete, Michael M. Wolf

Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 170401 **, (2002)

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.170401 Pfeil
*arXiv.org*: quant-ph/0112012 Pfeil

Abstract: We discuss the relations between the violation of the CHSH Bell inequality for systems of two qubits on the one side and entanglement of formation, local filtering operations, and the entropy and purity on the other. We calculate the extremal Bell violations for a given amount of entanglement of formation and characterize the respective states, which turn out to have extremal properties also with respect to the entropy, purity and several entanglement monotones. The optimal local filtering operations leading to the maximal Bell violation for a given state are provided and the special role of the resulting Bell diagonal states in the context of Bell inequalities is discussed.