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Perturbation Bounds for Quantum Markov Processes and their Fixed Points

Oleg Szehr, Michael M. Wolf

J. Math. Phys. 54(3) , (2013)

DOI: 10.1063/1.4795112 Pfeil
*arXiv.org*: 1210.1171  Pfeil

Abstract: We investigate the stability of quantum Markov processes with respect to perturbations of their transition maps. In the first part, we introduce a condition number that measures the sensitivity of fixed points of a quantum channel to perturbations. We establish upper and lower bounds on this condition number in terms of subdominant eigenvalues of the transition map. In the second part, we consider quantum Markov processes that converge to a unique stationary state and we analyze the stability of the evolution at finite times. In this way we obtain a linear relation between the mixing time of a quantum Markov process and the sensitivity of its fixed point with respect to perturbations of the transition map.