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Sequential generation of entangled multi-qubit states

C. Schoen, E. Solano, F. Verstraete, J. I. Cirac, M. M. Wolf

Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 110503 **, (2005)

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.110503 Pfeil
*arXiv.org*: quant-ph/0501096 Pfeil

Abstract: We consider the deterministic generation of entangled multi-qubit states by the sequential coupling of an ancillary system to initially uncorrelated qubits. We characterize all achievable states in terms of classes of matrix product states and give a recipe for the generation on demand of any multi-qubit state. The proposed methods are suitable for any sequential generation-scheme, though we focus on streams of single photon time-bin qubits emitted by an atom coupled to an optical cavity. We show, in particular, how to generate familiar quantum information states such as W, GHZ, and cluster states, within such a framework.