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Sequentially generated states for the study of two dimensional systems

Mari-Carmen Bañuls, David Pérez-García, Michael M. Wolf, Frank Verstraete, J. Ignacio Cirac

Phys. Rev. A 77, 052306 **, (2008)

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.77.052306 Pfeil
**: 0802.2472 Pfeil

Abstract: Matrix Product States can be defined as the family of quantum states that can be sequentially generated in a one-dimensional system. We introduce a new family of states which extends this definition to two dimensions. Like in Matrix Product States, expectation values of few body observables can be efficiently evaluated and, for the case of translationally invariant systems, the correlation functions decay exponentially with the distance. We show that such states are a subclass of Projected Entangled Pair States and investigate their suitability for approximating the ground states of local Hamiltonians.