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Bound entangled Gaussian states

R. F. Werner, M. M. Wolf

Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3658 **, (2001)

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.3658 Pfeil
*arXiv.org*: quant-ph/0009118 Pfeil

Abstract: We discuss the entanglement properties of bipartite states with Gaussian Wigner functions. Separability and the positivity of the partial transpose are characterized in terms of the covariance matrix of the state, and it is shown that for systems composed of a single oscillator for Alice and an arbitrary number for Bob, positivity of the partial transpose implies separability. However, this implications fails with two oscillators on each side, as we show by a five parameter family of explicit counterexamples.